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Frequently Asked Questions

We have outlined the general information on gastroenterology and related topics to help you get started.

What is a Gastroenterology?

Gastroenterology is the study of normal function and diseases of the digestive tract (GI tract) that is food pipe (oesophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine including rectum and anal canal, and pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver.

Who is a Medical Gastroenterologist?

A Medical Gastroenterologist is a doctor who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and management of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract.

What makes Gastroenterologists different?

Gastroenterologists specialise in providing a complete, accurate and thorough care for patients with gastrointestinal conditions with a high-quality and comprehensive approach which distinguishes them from other physicians.

Who is a GI Surgeon/Gastro Surgeon/Surgical Gastroenterologist?

A GI Surgeon is a surgical professional who specialises in surgery on the GI tract especially complex or recurrent surgeries and Laparoscopic surgeries.

What are the common GI symptoms?

Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include mild symptoms such as pain in abdomen, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, indigestion/dyspepsia, bloating or constipation, diarrhoea (loose stools), as well as abdominal pain or severe symptoms like acute pain in abdomen, difficulty or inability to swallow, Jaundice, blood vomiting or passage of blood in stools, post-surgical complications etc.

When to see the gastroenterologist?

If you are experiencing any digestive symptoms (listed above) for the first time, firstly get an appointment with your family physician/primary care physician. If your doctor decides that your symptoms need the attention of a specialist, you should then contact a gastroenterologist.

Also, people who are diagnosed with a long-standing digestive condition and experience a recurrence or a flare-up of an existing condition should contact the gastroenterologist

What are the types of tests performed by a Gastroenterologist?

A Gastroenterologist performs a number of investigations to diagnose digestive tract abnormalities. The most common tests are Endoscopy, Colonoscopy, Abdominal Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, Manometry and Breath Test, along with specific blood test such as liver function test etc.

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery/Laparoscopic Surgery?

Minimally Invasive Surgery is a surgical procedure performed through tiny incisions instead of one large opening as done in a traditional open surgery.

What are the benefits of minimally invasive procedures?

  • Small incisions
  • Less pain
  • Low risk of infection
  • Short hospital stay
  • Quick recovery time
  • Less scarring
  • Reduced blood loss

What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a type of minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen and pelvis or thorax through tiny openings, without having to make large incisions in the skin.

When is Laparoscopy used?

Laparoscopy is used to diagnose a wide range of GI conditions when conventional investigations are inconclusive. It is also used to carry out most of the surgical procedures, such as removing a damaged or diseased organ or removing a tissue sample for further testing.

What is Bariatric (Weight loss) surgery?

Bariatric surgical procedure causes weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing malabsorption of nutrients, or by a combination of both gastric restriction and malabsorption.

What are GI Emergencies?

GI emergencies are the critical, potentially life-threatening medical emergencies that require rapid identification and early management.

What are the symptoms of GI Emergencies?

  1. Severe pain in abdomen
  2. Severe pain in back
  3. Sudden distension of abdomen
  4. Bloating of abdomen
  5. Severe vomiting
  6. Severe loose motion
  7. Severe constipation
  8. Bleeding from mouth or anus
  9. Existing hernia suddenly becoming irreducible
  10. Unexplained fever with any of the above symptoms

What is Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is a minimally invasive nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person’s digestive tract. The endoscope is a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, using which the doctor is able to view the pictures of the digestive tract on a colour TV monitor.

When is Endoscopy used?

Endoscopy is normally a part of the comprehensive evaluation of digestive system. It is commonly used to evaluate the status of a digestive disorder.

What are the treatment/services covered in BIG?

BIG offers some of the world-class treatments for gastrointestinal disorders including a comprehensive gastrointestinal care, HPB, Minimally Invasive Surgery along with related specialities such as Internal Medicine, General Surgery, GI Plastic Surgery, Cosmetic Dermatology, Urology and Women Healthcare services.

What should I bring to my appointment?

For your first visit, you should bring a complete health history information sheet, a list of medications you are currently taking and your insurance card if needed.It is advisable to bring a relative along.

For subsequent visits, please get the treatment folio provided by your treating doctor.

Where is BIG located?

BIG is located in Bangalore South, Jayanagar East. The nearest landmark is Ashoka Pillar.
Address: No. 34, 100 Feet Road, Ashoka Pillar Rd, 2nd Block, Jaya Nagar East, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560011

Who can I contact with more questions?

Help and Support – 08067779777/11/+91 9108031252

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